This article originally appeared on Al Jazeera.
Read more Al Jazeera’s special report: ‘A lot of water’The Indian government has made a big effort to fill the gap in supply, with many wells drilled to provide water to cities and rural areas.
But experts say that’s not enough.
“It is the only source of water in many parts of the country,” said Suresh Patil, a former head of the Indian National Water Commission (INWC).
“There are not enough wells to provide it.”
The problem is compounded by the shortage of water-saving technologies.
In a country where there are only about 4.5 million people, India relies on groundwater for the bulk of its water.
“In most areas, the water is not really good quality,” said K.S. Gupta, director of the Centre for Water Economics at IIT Kharagpur.
“Water conservation is not a priority for the Indian government.”
In most Indian cities, there is little to no groundwater.
The state of Madhya Pradesh is the worst-hit, with about half of its 3.6 million people needing to drink tap water.
India has also struggled to develop and deploy water-efficiency measures.
The country has more than one million kilometers of pipes, which are inefficient and often leak.
In some areas, there are no pumps in the ground to collect and distribute the water, according to Gupta.
The lack of infrastructure and a lack of investment in water-conservation technologies have made it hard for the government to provide enough water to all the people in the country, Gupta added.
The government’s ambitious targets of making the country water-efficient by 2025 have only been partly achieved, according a report by the World Bank and McKinsey, which analysed data on water use from 2012 to 2022.
The report found that in some states, water use was lower than expected.
India was also hit by drought in 2011, which cut off supplies to many cities.
In 2013, a series of droughts hit India harder, with a record-breaking drought affecting the country’s agricultural sector, the biggest in the world.
India, the world’s third-largest consumer of energy and the second-largest exporter of food and fiber, has also faced major economic woes.
The government has also been struggling to make ends meet, which has led to cuts to social spending.
Water scarcity is a growing concern in India, which is a major food producer.
The World Bank predicts that by 2050, India’s water-use will be the third-highest in the developed world.